Akal Takhat Sahib is one of the Five Takhats in Sikhism. The word Akal means Time Less (Almighty) and Takhat means Throne. Hence the word derived Seat of Almighty. Sixth Guru “Guru Hargobind” established a building to the west of the Golden Temple called ‘Akal Takhat’ (Throne of Almighty) in 1609. The motive to establish Akal Takhat was to take wise & major decisions related to Sikhism. It is the supreme authority that addresses the spiritual & temporal concerns of the community. Guru Hargobind used to hold his court, listened to petitions of the needy, and took many justified decisions for the community. Two flags in front of the Akal Takhat building represent the Spiritual Authority.
In the 18th century, the Mughals destroyed Golden Temple & Akal Takhat building by seeing the increasing popularity of the place. Afghani emperor Ahmed Shah Abdali along with his commander Massa Rangar attacked this place many times. During this time the whole structure was rebuilt using bricks.
Once again in 1984, on the orders of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, Akal Takhat was heavily damaged by troops of the Indian Army. It suffered extensive damage at that time. Though it was repaired by the Indian Govt. got thereafter, But people did not accept the design and finally, they demolished it and rebuilt it in its present form.
Today’s Akal Takhat
Today Akal Takhat is a famous attraction for pilgrimage. The Holy Book “Guru Granth Sahib” and other religious scriptures are kept here only. People may have an exciting experience by visiting Akal Takhat and see other historical collections. The unique & historical collection of weapons are kept here, which once belonged to warriors and Sikh Gurus. A central Sikh museum witness the collection of ancient coins, paintings of warriors, and some ancient arms.
List of some Historical weapons kept at Akal Takhat, Amritsar
- Two Swords of Sixth Guru, Guru Hargobind
- Sword of Tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh
- Two Arrows (Teer) of Guru Gobind Singh, which contains 10grams of Gold each on it
- Double Ended Sword (Khanda) of Baba Deep Singh
- Chakra (A ring used to wear on Turban) of Baba Deep Singh
- Pistols of Warriors
- Sword of Baba Buddha
- Double Ended Sword of Baba Nodh Singh
- Other small weapons of Baba Deep Singh