Amritsar is a historical and one of the largest cities of India’s Northern state Punjab. It is the cultural center of Sikhism. Along with the positivity of Religion, There are a lot of other places in Amritsar witness the rich culture & History of the Country. It is suggested to visit these Historical places when you are in Amritsar. You will get to see the things used during the time of Sikh Emperor Maharaja Ranjit Singh. And the weapons used by Sikh warriors during the Mughal era.
Below are the Top Historical Places in Amritsar worth visiting
Golden Temple also called Harmandir Sahib is a house of worship of Sikhs and one of the most important pilgrimage sites in Sikhism. Golden temple is also known as ‘Harmandir Sahib’. Harmandir is a combination of two words ‘Har’ as God and ‘Mandir’ as Temple. The main center of attraction is ‘Holy Tank’ called ‘Sarovar’. Golden Temple’s glistering building is situated in this tank only.
On the instructions of Guru Amar Das (3rd Guru of Sikhs), Guru Ramdas (4th Guru) started digging of ‘Pool’ in 1577 A.D. Later the building was bricked by Guru Arjan Dev (5th Guru) in 1588 A.D.
Jallianwala Bagh is located just next to the Golden Temple complex. It is located less than 500m of distance from Golden Temple in Heritage Street. You can visit this place by walk while enjoying the cultural stores and shops on Heritage Street.
The Massacre took place on 13th April 1919 at Jallianwala Bagh located in Amritsar. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre is also known as Amritsar Massacre when the troops of the British Indian Army fired on unarmed people gathered on the occasion of Baisakhi. This is a must-visit place to see the historical marks of bullets and other evidence of the massacre.
Akal Takhat Sahib is one of the Five Takhats in Sikhism. Sixth Guru “Guru Hargobind” established a building to the west of the Golden Temple called ‘Akal Takhat’ (Throne of Almighty) in 1609. The motive to establish Akal Takhat was to take wise & major decisions related to Sikhism. It is the supreme authority that addresses the spiritual & temporal concerns of the community. Guru Hargobind used to hold his court, listened to petitions of the needy.
Gurudwara Baba Atal Rai
Gurudwara Baba Atal Rai is located in the Golden Temple complex. This 9-floor building was built in the memory of Baba Atal Rai, Son of Guru Hargobind Singh. This historical building was slowly transformed into Gurudwara to honor Baba Atal Rai. The building houses many historical paintings and teachings of Guru Granth Sahib (The Holy Book).
The 9 floors of the building represent the age of Baba Atal Rai as he passed away at the age of 9. Gurudwara Baba Atal Rai is the tallest tower in Amritsar and the top floor gives a birds-eye view of Amritsar City.
Gurudwara Shaheed Ganj
Gurudwara Shaheed Ganj is located in the center of Amritsar near Golden Temple. It is 500 meters from Golden Temple. It is the place where the cremation of Baba Deep Singh and other warriors was done. Baba Deep Singh was the first chief of Damdami Taksal, a 300-year-old religious school founded by Guru Gobind Singh. In the 19th century, Akali Phula Singh constructed an attractive Gurudwara on this place representing the current attractive Gurudwara Shaheed Ganj.
Partition Museum is a Public Museum located in Amritsar near Golden Temple. The Museum was inaugurated in 2017. Partition Museum houses materials & documents that represent the old India before Partition. It also witnesses the movements that happened and faced by people, at the time of partition in 1947. The collections donated by partition survivors & their families describe the actual condition they faced at that time.
Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum
Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum is one of the top tourist attractions in Amritsar. It is 3 km from Golden Temple located in beautiful Company Bagh (Ram Bagh Garden). It is a treasure of history, Objects connected to Maharaja Ranjit Singh, Weapons & Armour, Historical Paintings and Ancient Coins, etc. The paintings showcase the court & kingdom of this Sikh Emporer about how he ruled the country. Maharaja Ranjit Singh Panorama represents the life of Maharaja through visual recordings.
Durgiana Temple is another one of the historical places in Amritsar. It is connected with the Hindu holy place where Goddess Durga deified & worshipped. The temple was established in the 16th century. An old tree of berry is present at the backside of the temple, which remains green throughout the year. There is a myth that if you worship this tree, your all wishes will come true. There is also a strong belief among devotees that visiting this temple cure all diseases.
Mata Lal Devi Mandir
Mata Lal Devi Mandir is a pilgrimage for Hindus. It is located at Rani Ka Bagh, Amritsar. It was constructed in the memory of Mata Lal Devi. Her elders stated that when Mata Lal Devi crossed her childhood period, she used to lock herself in a room for meditation. And used to keep herself locked for weeks. She was living a very simple life and held many ‘Kirtan’ & ‘Jagran’ throughout her life.
Wagah Border is an international border between India & Pakistan. It lies on the Grand Trunk Road of both countries. It was established after the partition of India at the time of independence in 1947. Retreat Ceremony was started in 1959 upon agreeing by Governments of both the countries. The Beating Retreat ceremony basically is the lowering of flags ceremony, which Border Security Force & Pakistani rangers practice daily. The distance from Golden Temple to Wagah Border is 30KM. It is must visit place when you are in Amritsar.
Gobindgarh Fort is one of the historical tourist attractions in Amritsar. It showcases the culture of Punjab and represents the history of Gobindgarh Fort itself and the life of Maharaja Ranjit Singh (The Sikh emperor of Punjab). There is a saying that Maharaja kept his treasure in one of the rooms called ‘Toshakhana’ in the fort. All the supplies of the army and the famous Koh-i-Noor was kept in the ‘Toshakhana’ only. Maharaja established coin minting space in this fort. Weapons like Artilleries were also created in the fort itself. This is also a must-visit place to see historical movements.
Pul Kanjari is another heritage spot built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh in the 18th century. It is located in village Dhanoa Kalan right on Wagah Border. It was a stopover spot where Maharaja Ranjit Singh & Army used to rest in the Baradari during business trips to Lahore. The sight has a historical temple, Gurudwara, and mosque along with a Fort & a big bathing pool being used to take bath. Inside this bathing pool, a building with a dome showcase many Hindu scriptures & Raj Darbar.
Ram Tirath Mandir
Ram Tirath Temple is the birthplace of Lava & Kusha. Lava & Kusha were sons of Lord Ramachandra. It is an ancient Valmiki Pilgrimage and is directly connected to the Saint Maharishi Valmiki. History says Maharishi Valmiki gave shelter to Sita (Wife of Rama) in this Ashram. Goddess Sita gave birth to twins Lava & Kusha in this place. Saint Valmiki composed Ramayana at this place only.
It is yet another historical place located in Hall Bazaar of Amritsar. It is popularly known as Jama Masjid. Khair-Ud-Din Masjid was built in 1876 by Mohammad Kahiruddin. This Mosque holds a major role in India’s Freedom. It was a place where shah Attaullah Bukhari initiated the war against the Britishers. The building is built in Islamic style with various inscriptions & paintings on the walls. Muslim Devotees come & worship at this place.
Khalsa College is a historic educational Institute and was established in 1892. It was established with the motive of providing higher education to Sikhs & Punjabis. It was built with the donation and cooperation of Maharajas & the People of Punjab. People of Amritsar, Lahore, and other cities of Punjab and Sikh royal families donated the land and raised funds to build its historical building. The building of this college is a mixture of British, Mughal, and Sikh architectures.
Gurudwara Chheharta Sahib
Gurudwara Chheharta Sahib is located in a small town called Chhehrata, which is 8 km from Amritsar city. This place was named after a well, which was constructed by Fifth Sikh Guru Arjan Dev. The well was so large and the Water supply was very high that it required six Persian wheels to operate. Hence the name is derived from Chhe (Six) Persian Wheels (Harta). This town falls within the limit of village Wadali Guru. Guru Arjan Dev stayed in Wadali Guru from 1594-97.
Gurudwara Pipli Sahib
Gurudwara Pipli Sahib is located in the Putlighar area of Amritsar. 4th Guru of Sikhs Guru Ramdas dug a well for thirsty travelers on this place under the historical Banyan (Pipal) tree. When Guru Arjan dev (5th Guru) became Guru, Prithi Chand was jealous and tried to take control over the donations for himself. Baba Budhha & Bhai Gurdas arrived at this place and took over the control and spread the word about the bad intentions of Prithi Chand. 6th Guru (Guru Hargobind) after winning his first battle against Mughals and after killing Mukhlis Khan reached here and drank water from the well and took rest.
Gurudwara Tahla Sahib
Gurudwara Tahla Sahib is located in village Chabba on Tarn Tarn road, Amritsar. Baba Deep Singh fought the battle against the Mughals army led by Jahan Khan at this place. Baba Deep Singh fought with his 15kg double-edged Sword along with his army. During the clash, one of the Mughal commanders Jamal Khan attacked Baba Deep Singh and separated his head from his body. At this place, there was a big Tahli Tree (Dalbergia sissoo) hence the name derived Tahla Sahib.
During the clash, a miracle happened, which had never happened in the world before. Baba Deep Singh stood up holding his separated head on his left hand and started swaying his double-edged sword with his right hand and headed towards Golden Temple, Amritsar. Baba Deep Singh reached Golden Temple and Offered his head on this holy place.
Gurudwara Goindwal Sahib Baoli
3rd Guru of Sikhs, Guru Amardas stayed in Goindwal for 33 years. Guru Amardas wrote Anand Sahib (Holy Name of God) at this place and made many major contributions to Sikhism. Goindwal is a place where Guru Amardas met Ramdas (4th Guru). Guru Arjan Dev (5th Guru) was also born there on 15th April 1563. A stepwell with 84 steps was constructed here by Guru Amardas. It was believed that chanting Japji (The Divine Word) on each of the 84 steps provide Moksha (Liberation from 84,00,000 life cycles of this universe).
Gurudwara Kotha Sahib, Village Valla
9th Sikh Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur visited village Vallah in 1664 and stayed for 17 days at the place where Gurdwara Vallah Sahib is situated. A devotee of Guru Tegh Bahadur named Mai Haro took Guru to her house made with mud (Normally called Kotha) and served him with devotion. Gurdwara Kotha Sahib has been constructed at the place where the house of Mai Haro once existed.